Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Debate Over Current Race - 1405 Words

I have chosen the debate of 26th September. The reason I am selecting this is because, it was the first debate and was instrumental in leading up to future debates. In a way it was an inception point of agendas and policies that would unfold with time. The debate was deluged with policies and issues. Even though candidates probably had a plethora of issues they wanted to address, the time limit, and the debate format stood like a glorified barrier. The issue was raised on how to create jobs to minimize the unemployment rate. The other issue raised was regarding taxes. Issue was raised regarding which tax policy would turn out to be most cohesive and profitable with time. Issue about current race relation was raised along with the ways to improve it. Another issue that was raised was regarding national security. Personally, I think that issue regarding tax stood out in the debate. Most of the opinion divergence among the candidates was based on slashing taxes. While both Trump and Clinton wanted to modify the existing tax rates as well as laws associated with it, the similarity ended there. Trump wanted to reduce taxes for the wealthy and his rhetoric was that it would be beneficial in the long run as wealthy population would have higher incentive to invest in the country. As a result, more industries and production houses would be built in the US, consequently improving economy as well as creating new jobs. On the other hand, Clinton vehemently opposed this policy. She wasShow MoreRelated Abraham Lincoln Through Many Lenses Essays1740 Words   |  7 Pagesintact. There is always a big fuss made over Lincoln being quot;the great emancipator.quot; He is continually held up as an example of how this great president fought against the evils of slavery and worked on behalf of racial equality. But is the picture painted of Lincoln by egalitarians the real Abraham Lincoln? One of the most important events in Lincolns career was the debate with Stephen Douglas. The Lincoln-Douglas debate was actually seven debates held throughout Illinois during the 1858Read MoreThe Evolving Role of Government Education Essay1185 Words   |  5 Pagesevolved from historic liabilities to current liabilities. There are many laws and cases that have had an impact on American education that still has a strong influence on education today such as the debate between church and state, racial desegregation, and education finances. Other impacts as relevant are testing standards and special education programs that have arisen from influences of federal concerns. The purpose of this paper is to examine the historical and current roles that the federal and stateRead MoreRacism And The American Civil War963 Words   |  4 Pagesdiscussing current events. Racism is defined as someone who believes their race is the superior race. 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There is a significant percentage of the population that finds the Confederate banner in the state flag to be a symbol of hatredRead MoreAmerica s Hot Button Issues Essay1563 Words   |  7 Pages The most common talked about topics between Donald Trump (Republican) and Hillary Clinton (Democrat) are often referred to as the â€Å"hot button issues.† Some of the discussions this election season have been about social groups and organizations, race and ethnicity, social stratification and the distribution of wealth, and lastly, gender and sexuality. Among the many â€Å"hot button issues† is the topic of social groups and social organizations, such as prisons and colleges. According to BenokraitisRead MoreSocial Inequality Is An Important Issue In Today’S Society.1595 Words   |  7 Pagesinequalities based on their gender, race, religion, and disability status, yet there are many different ideologies and ongoing debate about social inequality. There are three perspectives concerning the issue of inequality in America. This paper will analyze an article about social inequality, â€Å"Gender, Race, and Income Gaps† by Richard Hogan and Carolyn Perrucci, and how it applies to the viewpoints concerning social inequality. In order to better understand the debate surrounding social inequality,Read MoreThe Debate Between The And Minority And Majority, And The Environment1481 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"environmental racism† that exists in Canada. To begin with, in the ESS lecture of Oct.1st, a debate between Dr. Thomas and Dr. Patel presents a conflict caused by GMOs. On Dr. Thomas’s position, we can find the direct advantage of GMOs food comparing to the traditional agriculture by scientific analysis, such as the ability to resist disease, and yields of the field. GMOs food had already spread out over the world- which was saying the technique had already mature enough to benefit people efficiently

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

French Indefinite Pronouns Pronoms indéfinis

French indefinite pronouns, sometimes called affirmative indefinite pronouns, are unspecific and are used in place of nouns. They can be the subject of a sentence, the object of a verb, or the object of a preposition.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Tout le monde est ici.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Everyone is here.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Il a achetà © quelque chose.  Ã‚  Ã‚  He bought something.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Jai un cadeau pour quelquun.  Ã‚  Ã‚  I have a gift for someone.Please see the list of French indefinite pronouns at the bottom of the page. The numbers in the final column refer to these notes:1) Some French indefinite pronouns must always have an antecedent.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Jai perdu mon stylo, donc jai dà » acheter un autre.  Ã‚  Ã‚  I lost my pen, so I had to buy another one.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Tu vois les chocolats  ? Oui, je veux goà »ter chacun.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Do you see the chocolates? Yes, I want to taste each one.2) These pronouns express a quantity. Therefore, when they are the object of the verb and the noun is dropped, th ey must be preceded by the pronoun en.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Jai vu plusieurs films Jen ai vu plusieurs.  Ã‚  Ã‚  I saw several films I saw several of>  Ã‚  Ã‚  Tu as les valises  ? Jen ai quelques-unes.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Do you have the suitcases? I have some of them.3) These pronouns can be modified with dentre eux, elles, nous, or vous, or with de a noun; either way, they still take the third person conjugation (learn more).  Ã‚  Ã‚  Quelques-uns dentre vous sont prà ªts.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Some of you are ready.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Plusieurs de vos à ©tudiants sont ici.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Several of your students are here.4) These pronouns always take the third person singular form of the verb.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Tout va bien?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Is everything ok?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Chacun dentre vous doit venir.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Each (one) of you has to come.5) On is the indefinite subject pronoun.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ãƒâ‚¬ quelle heure va-t-on partir?  Ã‚  Ã‚  What time are we leaving?  Ã‚  Ã‚  On ne sait jamais.  Ã‚  Ã‚  You never know.6) When followed by a modifier (like an adjective), the preposition de must be used between the pronoun and the modifier.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Jai quelque chose dintà ©ressant à   vous dire.  Ã‚  Ã‚  I have something interesting to tell you.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Il y a quelquun de bizarre dans votre bureau.  Ã‚  Ã‚  There is someone strange in your office.7) Soi is the indefinite stressed pronoun.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Il est bon de rester chez soi de temps en temps.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Its good to stay at home once in a while.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Il faut avoir confiance en soi.  Ã‚  Ã‚  One must / Its necessary to have faith in oneself.Try this  test on French indefinite pronouns. French Indefinite Pronouns un(e) autre another one 1, 2 dautres others 1, 2 certain(e)s certain ones 1, 2 chacun(e) each one 1, 3, 4 on one 5 plusieurs several 1, 2, 3 quelque chose something 4, 6 quelquun someone 4, 6 quelques-uns some, a few 1, 2, 3 quiconque anyone 4 soi oneself 7 tel one, someone tout everything 4 tout le monde everyone 4 un, lun one 3

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Migration from Turkey to Western Europe Free Essays

After the Second World War, the Western European countries, which were in a rapid development process, tried to meet the deficiencies in their labor supply from neighboring countries in the South, relatively less developed. This request directed to Turkey in the early 60s. Turkish emigration to Western Europe begins by the agreement with Germany made in 1961. We will write a custom essay sample on Migration from Turkey to Western Europe or any similar topic only for you Order Now This followed similar agreements with Austria, Belgium, and the Netherlands in 1964, with France in 1965, and Switzerland in 1967. Additionally, Turkey has implemented its first five-year development plan in 1962. In line with this plan, â€Å"increasing labor exports† was considered a plan goal, along with measures to curb population growth. In the years 1966-67, the German automobile industry, which the Turks worked extensively, had crisis and about 70,000 Turkish workers had fired. Workers who lost their jobs tried to find jobs in neighboring countries such as Holland, Belgium, Denmark, and those who could not find sheltered with their coworkers for a while. The Turkish immigration process which was based on the individual invitation format and the institutional invitation format before bilateral agreements were signed. This process for the central regions, where labor is dominant from the surrounding regions, is the first phase of international labor migration that has never lost its unwavering social, economic, cultural and political dimensions. In the early years of migration until the mid-70s, the majority of immigrants were physically robust men who successfully passed through health checks. This trend gained momentum after 1963 with the partnership agreement signed between Turkey and the EEC. The following governments supported immigration. The promotion of worker’ migration has been carried out as the official policy of the Turkish States since the beginning. Due to the economic crisis brought by the oil embargo in Western European countries, there have been significant changes in the structure of Turkish migrants, especially after 1973, when they stopped the recruitment of workers from Turkey. The Family Reunification Act, which first took effect in the Federal Republic of Germany at the beginning of March 1974, created a situation allowing Turkish immigrant workers to bring their family members to the countries they found. Since then, the family reunification process has become the main channel of legal immigration to European countries and has continued with the ongoing applications for marriage, illegal immigration and asylum for political purposes. Based on bilateral agreements with Germany on October 30, 1961 by the state initiated the process of Germany’s Turkish emigration was legally terminated with stopping the intake of labor migration from Turkey on November 30, 1973. How to cite Migration from Turkey to Western Europe, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Rapid Advancement in Technology

Question: Discuss about the Report for Rapid Advancement in Technology. Answer: Introduction With a rapid advancement in technology and internet, the focus and operations of a business firm have shifted from the traditional paper and manual technique to the electronic and automated process via internet. Now, firms as well as the consumers effect the transactions relating to purchase or sale of any commodity over the internet. Internet provides such services at very reasonable prices and saves a lot of time. It also provides a universal platform for vendors and buyers to interact and thereby, bring about efficiency along with effectiveness. 1: With the advent of technology and particularly, internet, transacting over the internet has become a recent trend. Business firms tend to purchase and sell products, raw material as well as semi finished god over the internet. Purchasing and selling goods over the internet has a very remarkable impact on business. Technological advancements have led to an automation of the traditional processing operations. And it also provides a replacement for the manual labor with the help of machines. Through internet, products can be purchased and sold online, and it requires only one trained executive who works in the machine, rather than a group of labor persons involved in the traditional process (Paul D, Weygandt and Kieso, 2011). Through internet, information can be processed much faster as all the information and data are stored at a single place. So, it is more convenient for the business firms to track and update their portfolios. Also, internet enables business firms to enter and diversify into much newer communication portals through which it can electronically communicate with its customers, suppliers as well as its employees. This gives a new direction to the traditional communication process, which was lengthy and very time consuming. Moreover, with the help of internet and technology, firms can create their own personalized business websites, wherein, they can maintain a proper database of the products offered by them, its specifications and provides a platform where consumers can review the information they wish to, via internet. Through internet, all the manual tasks performed by the business personnel are transformed into electronic form, and the firms use various software packages, which help various business internal departments to review their effectiveness and the efficiency with which they perform business operations. Also, internet converts the entire world into a global village and goes beyond all the geographical and demographic barriers. One can purchase products from anywhere in the world anytime. Thus, the consumer has a much wider scope, choice and price benefits. Though the advantages that the internet offers cannot be overlooked, but, internet and technology continuously needs to be monitored, revised and updated. This upkeep and maintenance costs are much high since the technology gets obsolete once and forever. In the ever growing competitive business environment, firms which are technologically updated enjoy a competitive advantage over the firms which continue to follow the traditional practices and do not believe in such technological advancements. The investment involved in establishing and maintaining supportive technological software is very high. Hence, the decision about such investment should be made very carefully, analyzing all the advantages and costs the firm shall have to incur. Through internet, it has become much easier for the consumers to search and identify the products which meet their specifications and expectations. Hence, it is very time saving and also saves a lot of transportation costs. Due to adverse competition in the market and in a bid to gain competitive advantage, business firms offer personalized and high quality customer service and thus improves supply chain management. 2: E- commerce or more specifically, E- business offers both the consumers and the business firms numerous advantages related to offering the best reasonable price for the products, wider choices to the consumers, time and cost saving for both business firms and consumers, etc. but, the risks associated with transacting over the internet are innumerable. Internet attracts higher degrees of frauds. Fraud can be referred to as an unwarranted intrusion into the companys system or deception. When transacting any online purchase/ sale, it is very difficult for the firms to identify whether the person entering the credit or debit card details in the payment gateway, is the real owner of the card. Many a times, such credit/debit cards are being misused by hackers, who attempt to take an undue advantage, hence, in such a case, the real owner of the card loses money as well as doesnt get hold of the products ordered. This is the biggest risk that firms face, in the present (Internet Security, 2002). At times, the local laws of the state may conflict with the national law and the delivery of certain products in certain states may be illegal due to local legislations. In such a case, the firms may have to pay certain penalty and face prosecution. SO, the firm be very well aware about the national as well as the locals laws and regulations framed by the Government. While effecting an online purchase or sale transaction, an higher level of internet security is required by the firms technological department. Internet always attracts risks and frauds. Hackers may try to access the firms customer database or the payment details. Also, firms face a higher degree of risk of malicious software or viruses being inserted into the operating system (Tryfonas, 2010). Transacting over the internet require a firm to create its own personalized website. And the firm may wish to get it designed professionally. Also, the firms wish to obtain copyright for their offered brand name and products to pr event any unauthorized use r reproduction of such name. These involve huge costs and due to increased market competition, the firm may take a very long time to get its costs covered. Internet security is very much required to give effect to a safe online transaction. Use of appropriate firewalls and payment gateways are required. Also, the firms transacting online have to face an unsustainable site traffic, which would increase and the site would work slow or even have a downtime, due to increased number of users having access to it at the same time. Firms tend to publicize their websites using Google domains, mainly and thus attracts higher number of user at a time. In case of an online transaction, both the firms as well as the users should possess adequate technical know- how about the scope and use of internet, else, they can be easily tricked by hackers. Also, the customer database tends to be leaked and I such a case, the consumer receive a lot of spam e-mails, telemarketing mails and spam phone calls, which they wish to avoid. Hence, proper care must be given in maintain the consumer database. No doubt, the services offered by internet and its advantages are innumerable, but proper attention has to be given about the above mentioned risks while transacting online. 3: Frauds refer to misstatements in the financial statements which may occur due to fraud or by error. If the mistake committed in intentional, then it shall be termed as fraud, and in all other cases, it shall be an error. The risks from online transactions may lead to different misstatements in the financial statements. A firm may record only the prepaid transactions, as a part of sales in the financial statements and may overlook the cash on delivery transactions of sale being affected. This shall give rise to a material misstatement in the financial statements by reason of fraud. Also, the expenses incurred by the firm in obtaining copyrights may be considered as revenue expenditure by the firm, but, the same shall be a part of intangible asset of the firm. So, it is a case of material misstatement by reason of error. The expenses incurred by the firm in getting software packages and firewalls, that would ensure a secure online transaction, may be clubbed under the head of comput ers and eligible for 60 % depreciation, but, as per the recent laws, software shall be a part of revenue expenditure and hence, needs to be corrected. Misstatements in the financial statements may arise due to inappropriate recording of the inter- state and intra state sales of products. It may be liable to different tax rates and hence, nee to be taken care of. There might arise misstatements in the financial statements if the firm includes the penalty paid for illegal delivery of products to the cost of sales. It is a form of expense not relatable to sales and shall be separately recorded under revenue expenditure. If included in the cost of sales, it might misstate the amount of sales effected during any financial year (Gay Simnett, 2012). Also, the firm may intentionally fail to disclose its related parties and the related party transactions. This would lead to a severe misstatement in the financial statements. 4: The auditor can follow the following steps to identify the frauds and misstatements from online transactions. The auditor should inquire the management and those charged with governance about their risk assessment procedures of identifying and evaluating frauds in the financial statements. Also, an opinion has to be formed of any hint of any fraud or misstatement that the managers or those charged with governance have (Hodson, 2007). The auditor must check all the items of revenue expenditure and ensure that no capital expense, like expense on acquiring copyright is included in determining the net profit of the firm. Copyrights from part of intangible assets and must be shown in the balance sheet of the firm (Addleton Academic Publishers, 2009). The auditor must ensure that all the amounts credited on account of online sale are affected in the firms bank account and no entries missed. He should check the detailed log book of the orders accepted, taken and delivered and ensure that no order or its payment/ receipt of money are skipped. All the cash on delivery- all orders must be tallied with appropriate evidences and with the orders accepted. It must be carefully ensured that such cash on delivery orders are also recorded under the total sales of the firm. All the bill invoice numbers serially arranged and tallied, so that no order invoice is missed, either by error or fraud, by the management. The firms seal must be checked in all the important documents and confirmations from the persons, to whom any sum is due, as per the financial statements must be mandatorily obtained (ISACA, 2009). The auditor should check that the inter-state and intra state transactions of purchase and sales are segregated and separately accounted for, as per the applicable accounting provisions. During the audit of the financial statements, if the auditor comes across any unusual or unexpected transaction, then, he should carefully consider those and carry on analytical procedures (Addison Wesley Longman, 2003). Conclusion The benefits derived from technology and particularly, internet cannot be overlooked, but, at the same time, it poses greater risks of frauds and misstatements in the financial statements of a firm. Hence, the auditor is required to carefully analyze and carry out all the risk assessment controls, so that he can lay his unbiased and correct opinion on the financial statements of a firm. Internet transactions attract greater degrees of risks of frauds and errors, hence, the level of cautiousness and due diligence the auditor has to exercise while conducting the audit, is commendable. List of References Gay G, R, Simnett (2012). Auditing and assurance services in Australia, McGraw-Hill, revised 5th edition. Kimmel, Paul D. , Jerry J. Weygandt and Donald E. Kieso (2011). Financial Accounting : Tools for Business Decision Making, 6th ed., Hoboken. ISACA- Serving IT Governance Professionals (2009). IS standards, guidelines and procedures for auditing and control professionals, USA. Samtani, G.(2002). Internet Security. B2B Integration: pp. 287-322. Tryfonas, T. (2010). Information Security Management and standards of best practice. Handbook of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics: pp. 207-236. Nicholas H. M (2007). Why Auditors Don't Find Fraud. Private Equity, Corporate Governance and the Dynamics of Capital Market Regulation. Lonescu, L. (2009). Internal control and auditing procedures. United States: Addleton Academic Publishers. Arens, A.A. (2003). Auditing an assurance services: An integrated approach. United States: Addison Wesley Longman.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Vincent Romano Essays (1231 words) - Sports, Injuries, Neurotrauma

Vincent Romano Dr. Myers English 1301.4033 April 3, 2017 Concussions in Football American football is one of the most violent sports in the U.S. It is also the most popular. Every year, millions of Americans, either from home or in attendance at the stadium, spend enormous amounts of money to enjoy football. As viewer's watch the high impact hits delivered, the viewer's attention is focused on the present situation of the game and the players' future safety is far from the mind. Concussions in American football is a major problem. Concussion prevention and protocol are a couple of the most important factors to attempt to begin bringing the concussion rate down in all levels of American football. Another important factor is the teaching of proper football techniques starting at the youth level. Youth football players could benefit from a modified tackling process that would better protect them from the risk of a concussion (Johnson 183). With the speed and size of athletes increasing every year, improper tackling techniques being performed at such a fast pace c ontributes to the concussion problem in American football. USA Football should implement a mandatory concussion safety certification program to combat the issue of concussions and require coaches to complete this training prior to leading football requiring coaches to complete prior to teaching football to ensure the safety and future of American football athletes. The main problem is coaching practices for youth athletes is not utilizing safe tackling techniques to avoid concussive and other head injuries. A potential solution is USA Football should design and make mandatory a safety program that teaches coaches to enforce the use of proper tackling techniques, proper equipment fitting, the dangers of concussions, and the mandatory safety protocols for head collisions. A detailed and mandatory safety program could help decrease the concussion rate and eliminate serious injuries and deaths in the industry of American football, providing beneficial results. Problem- Professional football leagues, organizations, and trainers have an active interest in player health and safety. USA Football, a U.S. governing body for American Football, stands for the development, participation, safety, and value of the game for all players, coaches, officials, and parents that have love for the sport. USA Football is a non-profit organization that was established in 2002 in Indianapolis, Indiana. The mission was to lead coach and player development and connect the football communities that will hopefully advance and grow the sport. USA Football provides the best certifications, resources, and programs for millions of athletes around the world. USA Football serves everyone from youth leagues to middle school and high school. USA Football is dedicated to making the game safer and better so that nothing stands in the way of a player's excitement for the sport. USA Football's main goal, through the advancement of coach training, is to develop valuable leadership, g uidance, and practice skills. The training allows the coach to be the best mentor for the players resulting in the best path for the athlete's future. Though football training excellence exist, it lacks mandatory certification to insure proper tackling techniques are utilized to avoid severe head injuries. One main issue involved when dealing with concussions related to the game of football is not using the appropriate tackling technique. Football tackling and being tackled is the leading cause of concusiions and is 13% higher in football than any other sport (Meehan and Landry). In an attempt to reduce the instances of concussions, new rule changes in the NFL were implemented in 2012 to restrict a player from leading with the helmet to make a tackle. The rule change was created in the hope to avoid big head to head collisions and decrease the number of concussions (Baumgart and Wada). If players are guilty of this action, they are penalized in the game upon further review. The hit is reviewed later by the NFL to determine a fine for any player that made illegal hits. In the article, "The NFL's Tackling Dilemma", Mark Fainaru-Wada and Simon Baumgart writes, "that from the year 2012, when the rule was applied, to 2013, player's penalized for an illegal hit dropped from forty to twent y-five" (Baumgart Wada). However, penalties and fines may be decreasing the rate of concussions, but it

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Free Essays on Review Of Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass

. At this point in his lesson Mr. Auld encountered what his wife was doing for Frederick and forbid her to continue. He believed that "if you give a nigger an inch, he will take an ell" and continuing with "learning would spoil the best nigger in the world". The masters felt that an ignorant slave formed a choice slave and any beneficial learning would damage the slave and therefore be futile to his master. His next step on the road to success was during his seven years living with Master Hugh’s family. Frederick would make friends with as many white boys as he possibly could on the street. His new friends would be transformed into teachers. When he could, Frederick carried bread on him as a means of trade to the famished kids for knowledge. He would also carry a book anytime he had an errand to run. The errand would be completed quickly, allowing extra study time. When Frederick was working in Durgin and Bailey’s ship-yard he would notice timber marked with various letters... Free Essays on Review Of Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass Free Essays on Review Of Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass Review of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass was born in Tuckahoe, Maryland, near Hillsborough. He doesn’t know for sure of his age, he has seen no proof and his master will not inform him. Most masters prefer for their slaves to stay ignorant. He believes that he was around twenty-seven and twenty-eight when he began writing his narrative - he overheard his master say he was about seventeen years of age during 1835. His mother, Harriet Bailey, was separated from him when he was an infant and she died when he was seven years old. Frederick’s father was a white man who could have been his master but he never found out. Education was of utmost importance in his life. He received his first lesson while living with Mr. and Mrs. Auld. Sophia Auld, Frederick’s "mistress", was very humane to him and spent time teaching him the A, B, C’s. After he mastered this, she assisted him in spelling three and four letter words. At this point in his lesson Mr. Auld encountered what his wife was doing for Frederick and forbid her to continue. He believed that "if you give a nigger an inch, he will take an ell" and continuing with "learning would spoil the best nigger in the world". The masters felt that an ignorant slave formed a choice slave and any beneficial learning would damage the slave and therefore be futile to his master. His next step on the road to success was during his seven years living with Master Hugh’s family. Frederick would make friends with as many white boys as he possibly could on the street. His new friends would be transformed into teachers. When he could, Frederick carried bread on him as a means of trade to the famished kids for knowledge. He would also carry a book anytime he had an errand to run. The errand would be completed quickly, allowing extra study time. When Frederick was working in Durgin and Bailey’s ship-yard he would notice timber marked with various letters...

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Citizenship in the Age of the Internet Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Citizenship in the Age of the Internet - Essay Example In other countries, most of the public services are controlled by private authorities making the use of Government sites redundant. Part two of the article â€Å"How government online provision is currently organized and what it costs† talks about how the Government runs the online facilities and the cost associated with it. The major points are as follows: Part three â€Å"Future developments and strategy† discusses the strategy for the development of the Government sites in the future to facilitate the citizens of the country. The main points in this section are as follows: Part one of the article â€Å"Changes and challenges in information exchange across the department† points out the general practice of communication and the challenges the department faces because of it. The points discussed under this part are as follows: Telephone communication has reduced in importance, as it is not suitable for people not speaking English. Also it was seen that this mode of communication failed to provide new information to the Department. The third part â€Å"Pension credit† discusses the progress made by the Government to improve communication between the Department and the customers for the credit facilities. The points in this regard are as